Kali Linux 2021.2 was launched in the present day by Offensive Safety and consists of new themes and options, similar to entry to privileged ports, new instruments, and a console-based configuration utility.
Kali Linux is a Linux distribution designed for cybersecurity professionals and moral hackers to carry out penetration testing and safety audits.
With this launch, the Kali Linux Workforce introduces the next new options outlined beneath.
Kaboxer 1.0 launched
In Might, Offensive Safety introduced the Kali Purposes Boxer (Kaboxer) software, which permits complicated and non-standard purposes to be packaged in containers together with all of their dependencies.
“Enter Kaboxer. Utilizing containers we are able to put in complicated non-standard package deal right into a container and combine it with the remainder of the working system, and bundle it up into the packaging eco-system,” Kali defined in a blog post.
“This implies you possibly can apt-install a Kaboxer program and use it without having to take any particular steps.”
With in the present day’s official launch of Kaboxer, Offensive Safety has launched three new packages to Kali Linux:
Kali-tweaks 1.0 launched
The brand new kali-tweaks console utility permits customers to customise the distribution to their particular wants by including specific packages, configuring community repositories, customizing the shell, and enabling additional assist when working below a digital machine.
The utility presently helps the next duties:
- Metapackages – Putting in/eradicating teams of instruments, which can not have been accessible whereas putting in Kali for those who didn’t use the installer picture
- Community Repositories – Enabling/disabling “bleeding-edge” & “experimental” branches
- Shell & Immediate – Change between two or one line immediate, allow/disable the additional line earlier than the immediate, or configure Bash or ZSH because the default shell
- Virtualization – Utilizing Kali as a visitor VM? Do a number of actions to make the expertise simpler!
Unprivileged entry to all TCP & UDP ports
Kali Linux customers working the distro utilizing Offensive Safety’s Linux kernel will now have unprivileged entry to all TCP and UDP ports.
Prior to now, Kali Linux didn’t enable entry to TCP/UDP ports 0 via 1023 as they have been reserved for well-known companies, and Kali was thought-about a desktop OS quite than a server distribution.
To hook up with privileged ports for their very own companies, customers have been both port forwarding to the well-known service ports (ports 80, 443, 21, and so forth.) to non-standard ports or working the applications with root-level permissions.
Nonetheless, working a server utilizing ‘
sudo server‘ defeats the aim of this safety layer and doubtlessly exposes the distribution to assaults.
With Kali Linux 2021.2, customers can now entry TCP and UDP ports
Full listing of modifications in Kali Linux 2021.2
The whole listing of modifications in Kali Linux 2021.2 are:
- Releasing Kaboxer v1.0 – Introducing Kali Purposes Boxer v1.0! Purposes in containers.
- Releasing Kali-Tweaks v1.0 – Our option to make it simpler to configure Kali Linux to your style.
- Refreshed Bleeding-Edge department – We did a whole makeover for our backend that produces packages for the newest updates.
- Disabled privileged ports – Opening a listener on ports 1024/TCP-UDP and beneath not requires super-user entry.
- Theme enhancements – We added a option to rapidly swap between double & one-line terminal immediate and made Xfce4 Fast launch + file supervisor tweaks.
- New Instruments – Quite a lot of new instruments have been added to Kali Linux 2021.2, with additional particulars beneath.
- Desktop wallpaper & login background updates – Default photos have modified with extra to select from.
- Raspberry Pi photos recharged – RPi 400 totally supported, built-in bluetooth working, & first-run wait time dramatically decreased.
- Kali NetHunter assist for Android 11 – Android 11 assist and numerous different enhancements for our NetHunter platform.
- Extra Docker assist – Now supporting ARM64 & ARM v7 (together with earlier AMD64).
- Parallels assist – Kali is totally supported for Apple M1 customers who’ve Parallels.
- Varied bug fixes – Pkexec patched, Wireshark permissions, command-not-found points, & extra accessibility options are all resolved.
It would not be a brand new Kali Linux model with out some new instruments and utilities, listed beneath:
- CloudBrute – Discover a firm infrastructure, information, and apps on the highest cloud suppliers
- Dirsearch – Brute pressure directories and information in net servers
- Feroxbuster – Easy, quick, recursive content material discovery
- Ghidra – Reverse engineering framework
- Pacu – AWS exploitation framework
- Peirates – Kubernetes penetration
- Quark-Engine – Android malware scoring system
- VSCode a.ok.a. Visible Studio Code Open Supply (“Code-OSS”) – Code editor
The right way to get Kali Linux 2021.2
To put in a contemporary model of Kali Linux 2021.2, you possibly can download ISO images that assist full installs or dwell distributions.
For these updating from a earlier model, you should utilize the next instructions to improve to the newest model.
echo "deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling major non-free contrib" | sudo tee /and so forth/apt/sources.listing sudo apt replace && sudo apt -y full-upgrade cp -i /and so forth/skel/.bashrc ~/ cp -i /and so forth/skel/.zshrc ~/ chsh -s /bin/zsh [ -f /var/run/reboot-required ] && sudo reboot -f
You may then examine if the improve to Kali Linux 2021.2 was profitable utilizing the next command:
grep VERSION /and so forth/os-release