Over the previous yr, Microsoft has quietly launched new built-in Home windows 10 command-line purposes and free Microsoft Retailer apps that improve the working system’s performance.
Microsoft didn’t formally announce these new instruments in some circumstances, and so they had been found by customers as an alternative.
On this article, we’ll spotlight these new applications and different apps so power-users can take larger management over Home windows 10.
The Pktmon community packet sniffer
Home windows 10 now features a built-in community packet sniffer known as ‘Pktmon,’ with two new options just lately added within the Home windows 10 Might 2020 Replace.
As first reported by BleepingComputer, within the Home windows 10 October 2018 replace, Microsoft quietly sneaked within the real-time community site visitors monitoring software known as Pktmon. This software permits customers to observe the community exercise of your apps and different instruments and diagnose networking points.
In Home windows 10 2004, Microsoft added two additional features to Pktmon: viewing sniffed packets in real-time and changing Pktmon logs into the PCAPNG assist. On this model of Pktmon, you’ll be able to allow real-time monitoring utilizing the
-l real-time argument.
As PCAPNG is supported in lots of community monitoring software program, equivalent to Wireshark, it provides customers further choices to research logs.
Winget package deal supervisor
This yr, Microsoft released a Windows 10 package manager known as Winget to put in and handle apps straight from the command line.
To put in purposes with winget, you sort instructions equivalent to “winget search” to seek for an app or “winget set up” to put in one, as illustrated beneath.
Microsoft has created a curated repository containing tons of of purposes that may be put in and managed utilizing Winget.
You should utilize the search command to search for apps with a selected key phrase. For instance, if you wish to seek for notepad-alternatives, you need to use the phrase ‘observe’ because the search key phrase.
winget search observe
While you run the above command, Notepad++ and different apps with the string ‘observe’ will seem. If you wish to see an inventory of all obtainable packages, you additionally sort
winget search with none arguments.
Home windows Subsystem for Linux 2 (WSL 2)
Home windows 10 now comes with a brand new Home windows Subsystem for Linux 2, which incorporates efficiency enhancements and larger compatibility with a broader vary of Linux purposes.
WSL 2 features a real open-source Linux kernel based mostly on model 4.19 from Kernel.org. WSL 2 additionally permits full entry to plain system calls, improves compatibility for Linux apps, will increase file system efficiency, and extra
WSL 2 consists of the next options:
- Full Linux kernel
- Elevated file IO efficiency
- Full system name compatibility
- WSL 2 makes use of a smaller quantity of reminiscence on startup
If you’re already utilizing WSL, you’ll be able to improve your put in Linux distributions to WSL 2 utilizing the
wsl --set-version command..
Home windows File Restoration software
Microsoft additionally sneaked in a brand new Windows 10 File Recovery command-line Tool that permits you to get well deleted information from a tough drive, USB drive, and an SD card.
“By chance deleted an necessary file? Cleaned your arduous drive? Uncertain of what to do with corrupted information? Home windows File Restoration might help get well your private information,” the outline of the free software reads.
The software is a command-line executable named winfr.exe, and customers can see its assist file beneath.
By default, Home windows File Restoration Software comes with three modes of operation – ‘Default,’ ‘Section,’ and ‘Signature,’ every with their strengths.
PowerToys for Home windows 10
Home windows 10 PowerToys are a collection of open-source instruments that permit you to prolong File Explorer’s capabilities, optimize app home windows for giant displays, resize pictures, and extra.
A number of the PowerToys embrace:
- Picture Resizer
- Home windows File Explorer’s preview pane
- Substitute sluggish Home windows Search with Run-like software.
- Modify Keyboard shortcuts
- Batch File Renamer
- Colour Picker
Learn extra: How to supercharge Windows 10 with PowerToys.
Home windows Terminal
Home windows Terminal is an open-source multi-tabbed console program that enables Home windows 10 customers to launch a number of shell/console tabs in the identical Home windows.
For instance, Windows Terminal can have a tab with a PowerShell console, one other with the Home windows 10 command immediate, and one other with a WSL Ubuntu shell.
Within the newest Home windows Terminal Preview model, you’ll be able to allow a brand new settings web page utilizing a hidden graphical consumer interface. To entry this hidden GUI ‘Settings’ interface, it’s essential to observe the steps highlighted here.
If you’re regularly utilizing the command line or different shells, Home windows Terminal is a software you need to set up.
Microsoft has additionally revealed PowerShell 7 with a spread of recent options, together with automated new model notifications, structured information like JSON, CSV, XML, and different enhancements.
The brand new options embrace:
- Pipeline parallelization with
- New operators:
- Ternary operator:
a ? b : c
- Pipeline chain operators:
- Null coalescing operators:
- Ternary operator:
- A simplified and dynamic error view and
Get-Errorcmdlet for simpler investigation of errors
- A compatibility layer that permits customers to import modules in an implicit Home windows PowerShell session
- Computerized new model notifications
- The flexibility to invoke DSC sources straight from PowerShell 7 (experimental)
PowerShell 7 may be downloaded from the Microsoft Store.
Home windows Sysinternals is a collection set of free utilities developed by Microsoft that lets energy customers handle, diagnose, troubleshoot, and monitor Home windows.
One of many suite’s hottest utilities is Process Explorer (procexp), because it supplies an in depth record of operating processes and their loaded handles and DLLs. Utilizing this course of record, you’ll be able to rapidly discover problematic and resource-intensive processes and terminate them as wanted.
Considered one of Course of Explorer’s superior options permits customers to trace down DLL-version issues or deal with leaks to diagnose issues with Home windows or purposes. Course of Explorer can also be useful when checking for suspicious processes which may be malware.
Different in style utilities embrace Process Monitor, which helps you to monitor the file, community, and registry exercise of operating processes, and Sysmon, which lets you monitor for varied exercise on a pc.